|Atlantic Salmon School|
On 12/21/12 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration stated that Genetically Modified Atlantic Salmon are fit for consumption for humans. The new breed has been nicknamed Frankenfish. Coming to a fish market in your town soon?
A company called Aqua Advantage has altered the genetic make up of the Salmon by adding a growth hormone from the Pacific Chinook Salmon which allows the genetically altered Atlantic Salmon to produce a growth hormone all year long. Natural Atlantic Salmon only produce the growth hormone for part a few months out of the year. This change would allow the salmon to grow at the rate of 200% or more! The engineers at Aqua Advantage have also given the GMO Salmon a hormone that acts as an "ON" switch for the Chinook hormone to stay active at all times. This second hormone is from and ocean eel-like fish called the Ocean Pout which is predatory eating almost anything that passes it's way and growing well over 6 feet in length.
Genetically engineered animals are not clones, which the FDA has already said are safe to eat. Clones are copies of an animal. In GE animals, the DNA has been modified to produce a desirable traits. These new GE Salmon are said to genetically modified have the same flavor, texture, color and odor as the native fish.
|The eel-like Ocean Pout, nothing like a Salmon!|
|A large male Atlantic Salmon in Spawning colors.|
Agua Advantage, once known as Aquabounty, stands by it's claims that the Frankenfish is unlikely to harm populations of natural salmon, which is a key concern for environmental activists. In the past, there have been some Atlantic salmon that have escaped from cages at sea. In the Atlantic Ocean, this has resulted in some breeding with native populations, it has been claimed that most surviving offspring were from the domesticated Atlantics, not hybrids. Some environmental activists claim that toying with wildlife by any means of genetic engineering can only end badly, and should any of the GMO salmon somehow escape out of its designated areas and breed in wild habitats, the natural salmon populations could become extinct. Birds have been know to carry fish eggs on their feet and fish can jump or get through nets....
|A pod of Atlantics heading upriver to spawn.|
|Some tasty looking Atlantic Salmon fillets|
This is a list of countries (and U.S. counties) that have banned genetically modified crops in one way or another:
In the United States: Only the California counties of Mendocino, Trinity and Marin have successfully banned GM crops. Voters in other Calilfornia counties have tried to pass similar measures but failed.
In Australia: Several Australian states had bans on GM crops but most of them have since lifted them. Only South Australia still has a ban on GM crops, though Tasmania has a moratorium on them until November of 2014.
In Japan: The Japanese people are staunchly opposed to genetically modified crops and no GM seeds are planted in the country. However, large quantities of canola are imported from Canada (which is one of the world's largest producers of GM canola) and there is now GM canola growing wild around Japanese ports and roads to major food oil companies. Genetically modified canola such as Monsanto's Roundup Ready canola have been found growing around 5 of the 6 ports that were tested for GM contamination.
In New Zealand: No GM foods are grown in the country.
In Germany: There is a ban on the cultivation or sale of GMO maize.
In Ireland: All GM crops were banned for cultivation in 2009, and there is a voluntary labeling system for foods containing GM foods to be identified as such.
In Austria, Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria and Luxembourg: There are bans on the cultivation and sale of GMOs.
In France: Monsanto's MON810 GM corn had been approved but its cultivation was forbidden in 2008. There is widespread public mistrust of GMOsthat has been successful in keeping GM crops out of the country.
In Madeira: This small autonomous Portugese island requested a country-wide ban on genetically modified crops last year and was permitted to do so by the EU.
In Switzerland: The country banned all GM crops, animals, and plants on its fields and farms in a public referendum in 2005, but the initial ban was for only five years. The ban has since been extended through 2013.
In India: The government placed a last-minute ban on GM eggplant just before it was scheduled to begin being planted in 2010. However, farmers were widely encouraged to plant Monsanto's GM cotton and it has led to devastating results.